Tourette Syndrome is an inherited neurological disorder characterized by tics, which are repeated involuntary movements and sounds such as blinking, headshakes, while body movements, grunting, sniffing, or barking. In a few cases, tics can include uncomfortable/painful movements or inappropriate words and phrases. Symptoms usually begin in early childhood and peak in pre-adolescence. For some, tics show significant reductions throughout adolescence. For others, tics remain into adulthood.
Other challenges can accompany tics. Some children experience social difficulties due to tics. Also, many children with tics can have co-occurring conditions, including obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), attention deficit disorder (ADHD), learning disabilities (LD), difficulties with impulse control, rage attacks, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders and body-focused repetitive behaviors (e.g. hair-pulling, skin picking).
For more information:
New Jersey Center for Tourette Syndrome: www.njcts.org
Tourette Association of America: www.tourette.org